Von der Leyen tweeted: “Charles Michel and I have just signed the agreement on the UK`s withdrawal from the EU, which paved the way for its ratification by the European Parliament.” The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms.  The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the “backstop” agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense. The signatures mark a new stage in the ratification process after Parliament passed the Brexit Act earlier this week. The European Parliament will vote on the agreement on 29 January. On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement and the support of the British government were presented, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.  As time passes in negotiations between Britain and the European Union, Boris Johnson could be taking a big step in trying to repeal part of the Brexit withdrawal agreement. The Prime Minister hailed a “fantastic moment” for the country after embarking on the historic agreement that paves the way for the UK`s exit from the European Union next Friday. The paper`s editor-in-chief, Peter Foster, suggests the move could jeopardise Brexit talks – and that the government is “increasingly resigned to an exit” without a deal. The bill will explicitly say that the government reserves the right to define its own regime by directly imposing British law on the obligations arising from the withdrawal agreement and knowing full knowledge that this is contrary to international law,” the insider said. Johnson said he would not use the option he has in the withdrawal agreement to extend that transition period.
The Prime Minister said the 11-month time available without a new extension was “ample” time to reach a comprehensive agreement. Many Whitehall officials are “deeply uncomfortable” with the plan, he said, adding that the Foreign Office “is not sure how China can criticize the fact that it is not complying with international obligations if [the] UK withdraws commitments from a treaty it signed less than a year ago.”