During the last round of negotiations, trade ministers from 34 countries met in November 2003 in Miami, Florida, USA to discuss the proposal.  The proposed agreement was an extension of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between Canada, Mexico and the United States. Cuba, Venezuela, Bolivia, Ecuador, Dominica and Nicaragua (all entered into the Bolivarian alternative for America in response) and Mercosur member countries were opposed to this proposal. Discussions on issues similar to those of the Doha Round for development of the World Trade Organization (WTO) have stalled; Developed countries sought to expand trade in services and expand intellectual property rights, while less developed countries sought to end agricultural subsidies and free trade in agricultural goods. Like the WTO negotiations, Brazil has played a leading role among less developed countries, while the United States has played a similar role for developed nations. The U.S. Free Trade Area (CTA) was a draft agreement to remove or remove trade barriers between all U.S. countries except Cuba. However, negotiations on the implementation of the free trade agreement have failed, as not all parties are able to reach an agreement before the 2005 deadline they themselves have set. The free trade agreement experienced the same major problem as NAFTA and NAFTA-DR, which led to the Doha trade agreement. This is the unfair competitive advantage that U.S. federal subsidies provide to U.S.
agricultural exports. The results of the 2003 Miami Ministerial Meeting were taken into account in The Nuevo Len Statement, which was made at the extraordinary U.S. Summit in Mexico in January 2004. The Mar del Plata Declaration of 2005 reflected two views on the free trade agreement. In paragraph 19 above, a group of countries instructed its trade officials to resume meetings in order to make progress in the free trade accord negotiations; another group of countries felt that there were no conditions yet for a free trade agreement. The agreement would have brought together a trade zone for about 972 billion people, which would generate $25.4 trillion in gross domestic product from 2014. Like NAFTA, it would have given the United States a comparative advantage in terms of world trade with the European Union and China`s many trade agreements in the Pacific region. People gathered in Miami to participate in the Deputation On the Harmful Effects of Trade Agreements such as the FTAA and positive alternatives that promote fair trade, a popular gala concert and rally, as well as a large authorized march and rally in downtown Miami.
Members of the Citizens Trade Campaign, the AFL-CIO and other groups symbolically cast hundreds of thousands of votes against the FREI trade agreements signed by concerned citizens in the United States. On 8 and 9 July, the OAS trade unit, in collaboration with Costa Rica`s Ministry of Foreign Trade (COMEX), organized a conference entitled “Global Services Trade and the Americas” at the Inter-American Development Institute for Latin American and Caribbean Integration (INTAL). The conference was held in San Jos, Costa Rica, and brought together Western Hemisphere government negotiators in charge of services negotiations, private service sector executives, representatives of national service coalitions and academics. The aim of the conference was to examine issues critical to the WTO`s millennium negotiations; To analyse the approach taken by the various sub-regional agreements in the hemisphere with regard to the liberalisation of services; and review discussions on services at the ALEA level.