This type of innovation is particularly prevalent in financing and construction contracts, but it also plays an important role in ship contracts. Under international law, Novation is the acquisition of territory by a sovereign state by “the gradual transformation of a right into territorio alieno in full sovereignty, without any formal and unequivocal instrument intervening in this sense.”  It should be noted that Popplewell J did not consider other cases such as The Kildare  2 LLR and The Wren  2 LLR which are at odds with his decision. These cases suggest that if benefits arise from subsequent transactions by the owners of a vessel as a result of a charter refusal, they must be considered in order to reduce damages. The Novation agreements were developed by a team of legal and commercial experts led by Francis Sarre of CMB NV, including Chris Kidd of Ince and Co and Naoko Kaijo of Thomas Miller. “The provision of standard prefabricated novation agreements will help simplify and streamline the contract development process and ensure the implementation of basic legal infrastructure,” said Francis Sarre, CMB. In our rapidly changing business environment, businesses are often bought and sold. A common part of these transactions is the maintenance of already profitable trade agreements. A specific innovation agreement is needed to change the identity of a party in the medium term. As part of a charter party, this means that owners or charterers will be replaced. From a legal point of view, an innovation involves the termination of a contract and the replacement of another contract in which the same acts must be done, but by different parties. To succeed in innovation, it is important that all legal requirements are met and that all issues that will have a commercial role are taken into account. This term is also used in markets where there is no centralized clearing system, such as swap trading. B and some OTC derivatives, in which “Novation” refers to the process in which one party can delegate its role to another party called “entering the contract.” This corresponds to the sale of a future contract.
Two of the agreements concern the parties to the time charter, one provides for a change of ownership and the other a change of ownership, while the third relates to a change of purchaser under a shipbuilding contract. The owners brought their action for damages for the early remission by referring to the net loss of profits they allegedly earned during the additional two-year extension.