In September 2010, the framework was updated to cover a wider range of issues and a more detailed treatment of all aspects of food security. The WTO secretariat and other agencies involved in the task force contributed to the development of the framework. The GATT agreement allows WTO members to apply exemptions to the free movement of goods to protect human, animal or plant life or health, provided they do not use these exemptions as disguised protectionism. Article 20 of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) allows governments to engage in commercial activities to protect human, animal or plant life or health, provided they are not discriminated against or use it as disguised protectionism. In addition, two specific WTO agreements deal with food safety and the protection of animals and products, as well as product standards in general. Both are trying to determine how they can meet the need to apply standards while avoiding disguised protectionism. These issues become increasingly important as customs barriers collapse when compared to the rocks at the bottom of the sea that occur in the event of a deluge. In both cases, a country is less likely to apply international standards than when setting its own standards. The agreement also contains a code of conduct for governments and non-governmental or industrial authorities to prepare, adopt and implement voluntary standards.
More than 200 standards bodies apply the code. Governments can add all other international organizations or agreements that are open to all WTO members. In July 2008, the task force developed its first framework of action, in which it presented its strategy and guiding principles and adopted a comprehensive approach to food security, including food availability, access, stability and use. The agreement stipulates that procedures for determining whether a product meets applicable standards must be fair and fair. It discourages any method that would give an unfair advantage to products manufactured on the national territory. The agreement also encourages countries to recognize procedures for assessing a product`s compliance. Without recognition, products may need to be tested twice, first by the exporting country and then by the importing country. Health and plant health measures, i.e. food security and trade in food standards, underline the importance of governments participating in the definition of international food standards (through the FAO/WHO Committee of Codex Alimentarius) and in solving food trade issues by the relevant WTO committees: the Committee on Health and Plant Health Measures and the Technical Committee on Trade Barriers.
The publication also highlights the importance of helping developing countries meet international food standards so that they can participate more effectively in food trade. Since 2013, WTO members have agreed to negotiate and find a lasting solution to the issue of public storage programmes for food security purposes.