On October 26, 1985, the Australian government returned Uluru`s property to the local Pitjantjatjara, on the basis of the conditions under which the Aṉangu would lease it for 99 years to the National Parks and Wildlife Agency and jointly manage it. An agreement initially reached between the municipality and Prime Minister Bob Hawke to halt the ascent of tourists to the summit was subsequently broken.     Criticism has done nothing to the stubborn aspiration of the anangus who have finally succeeded with their claims to the country. During the ceremony, which took place to transfer the “guard” of Uluru and nearby kata Tjuta to the people of Anangu, it was played in the shadow of the huge rock and is considered one of the most important moments of the Aboriginal land law movement. It is not without conditions that the rebate was subject to the “handover” agreement, in which the Anangu leased Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park for 99 years to the Australian Parks and Wildlife Service, in order to ensure continued public access and to continue to fund the local community. While the current lease details rights and obligations and emphasizes commitment to the principles of negotiation and consultation, successful joint management also requires engagement in the process of effective communication, conflict resolution and Aboriginal empowerment in decision-making and participatory management. This is why the “legal and practical relevance of the lease offers a permanent review” (60) for the review process, a mechanism for renegotiating Aboriginal rights and management functions within an ever-changing park management framework. The permanent revision of joint administrative agreements is both a symbolic and practical affirmation of the principles of negotiation. “In doing so, they are in the spotlight and give them the opportunity to trade with the country and demand the lease and rent.” Kakadu is an important example of the complex nature of the common management agreements that are developing. Part of the park is owned by Aboriginal people, and the need to regulate land rights and adequate representation has made its development more difficult.
(55) Kakadu`s first lease, signed in 1978, was a relatively simple legal document.